Shells as a Universal Structural Type in Nature and Design


Miroslava Nadkova Petrova and Dobrina Zheleva-Martins Viana

Submitted: June 24th, 2022 Reviewed: July 28th, 2022 Published: September 15th, 2022

DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.106851


Structural Shells [Working Title]

Dr. Saeed Nemati and Prof. Farzaneh Tahmoorian


Universal is this structure or construction which is ubiquitous in the world. It is encountered in living and non-living nature, implemented in various fields of human activity and interpreted appropriately according to the needs and the specifics of the context of use. The aim of the chapter is to verify the universal character of shells as a structural and constructive type. It is discerned that shells exist as a structural type in living and non-living nature. With the progress of civilization, humans have gained experience and mastered their deliberate use for the benefit of the individual and social existence. Therefore, it can be stipulated that research and formalization of shells in scientific and technological aspect will lead to an even wider range of applications in various design fields. In perspective are outlined the emerging form-generation opportunities in engineering, architecture and design. To substantiate the universality, a comparative research method is adopted. The existence of various shells found in nature is compared with the same or similar types applied in design. If hitherto this has happened objectively without interdependence, we demonstrate the possibilities of conscious and purposeful impetus of ideas exchange between the form-finding process, scientific research and technological development of shell structures.


  • universal structures
  • shells in living and non-living nature
  • shells in historical human experience
  • shell analogies
  • ideas exchange in design

November 29, 2022 · dobrina · Comments Closed
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